While the rates of overweight and obesity are growing in low-, middle- and high-income countries due to overconsumption of calories and physical inactivity, persistent rates of micronutrient deficiencies exist across many populations. These growing public health challenges require unique interventions across many settings. The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute is committed to improving nutrition and health through cross-disciplinary research, with a particular focus on improving the accessibility of food composition and dietary intake data, open data and methods harmonization, and the drivers of food choice.

Collaborators & Partners

Crop Composition Working Group, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, University of Florida, International Food Policy Research Institute, University of Arkansas, University of Illinois, World Agricultural Economic and Environmental Services, and Washington State University

Current Programs

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute's active programs related to sustainable nutrition security include:

Fruit & Vegetable Supply Chains: Climate Adaptation & Mitigation Opportunities

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute is co-leading a project that will help the US maintain a nutritious, reliable, affordable, and environmentally-sound food supply.

Crop Composition Database

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute’s CCDB is a curated, open resource that provides data on the natural variability in the nutritional composition (e.g., nutrients, anti-nutrients, and secondary metabolites) of key crop species.

World Nutrient Databases for Dietary Studies

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute has compiled a catalogue of national, regional, and international food composition databases used for dietary assessments. This interactive, online resource is available to the public.

Past Work

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute's concluded projects in the area of sustainable nutrition security include:


Integrated Approach to Climate Adaptation and Mitigation: Application to Fruit & Vegetable Supply Chains

Dr. Dave Gustafson will be delivering a presentation about the Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains: Climate Adaptation and Mitigation Opportunities project as part of the session on Global Environmental Change at the 2020 Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union.

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Virtual Workshop for the Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains Project

The Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains project team convened virtually for a workshop focused on stakeholder engagement and extension.

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One CGIAR Global Webinar Series on Genome Editing in Agriculture: Innovations for Sustainable Production and Food Systems

Dr. Morven McLean, Chief Executive Officer, Dr. Vibha Ahuja, South Asia Biosafety Program Senior Advisor, and AFSI Trustee, Dr. Mark Rosegrant, participated as speakers in a webinar series organized to bring CGIAR centers and partners together with policy makers, academics, innovators, and other stakeholders to take stock of current research and applications of genome editing and address related topics that will impact the enabling environment needed to translate research into practice.

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Produce Marketing Association Virtual Town Hall: Resource Scarcity

Dr. Rachel Melnick, Senior Scientific Program Manager, served as a panelist for a virtual town hall focused on soil and water health hosted by the Produce Marketing Association.

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Virtual Workshop for the Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains Project

Due to the COVID-19 global emergency, the 4th Annual Workshop for the Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains was shifted to an online format and took place on July 23-24, 2020.

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Towards a Multiscale Crop Modelling Framework for Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

An advanced multiscale crop modelling framework will enable a gene-to-farm design of resilient and sustainable crop production systems under a changing climate at regional-to-global scales.

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Climate Indicators for Agriculture

This report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture focuses on how agricultural systems are impacted by climate change and offers a list of 20 indicators that provide a broad look at what is happening across the country.

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Protocol for US Fruit and Vegetable Crop Modeling

The goal of this protocol is to assess the climate change impact on fruit and vegetable production and potential adaptations, including possible shifts in production area in the United States.

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Crop Health and Its Global Impacts on the Components of Food Security

This article attempts to develop a framework that would enable assessment of the impacts of plant diseases, referred collectively to as crop health, on food security via its components. Given the number of components and interactions at play, a systems modelling approach is required to address the functioning of food systems exposed to plant disease risks.

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Feasibility Study of Iron Fortification of Rice in Sub- Saharan Africa

This report contains information on the current health situation, rice production and distribution systems, and potential partners in ten countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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