Finding accurate and reliable information about the safety of foods and feeds derived from genetically engineered plants can be daunting, particularly for regulators who may not have a specific application on their desk. This information is essential for risk assessors and regulators who may need to make decisions regarding the safety of small amounts of genetically engineered material, which may inadvertently enter the country without authorization, also known as low-level presence.

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute has published monographs that provide a comprehensive review of food safety information and data for each of the four novel proteins found in some genetically engineered plants: the EPSPS and PAT/BAR proteins that confer herbicide tolerance, and the Cry1Ac and Cry1Ab proteins that confer insect resistance. These protein monographs review the safety of these proteins and provide links to publications, regulatory dossiers, and decision documents. Over the years, we have also compiled a number of monographs with environmental safety information for various other proteins. All our monographs are listed below:

A Review of the Environmental Safety of the Cry1F Protein

This document provides a comprehensive review of the information and data relevant to the environmental risk assessment of Cry1F, a family of proteins encoded by genes isolated from acillus thuringiensis (Bt), and it presents a summary statement about the environmental safety of these proteins when produced in genetically engineered (GE) cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) and maize (Zea mays) plants.

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A Review of the Environmental Safety of the Cry2Ab Protein

This document provides a comprehensive review of the information and data relevant to the environmental risk assessment of Cry2Ab, a protein encoded by genes isolated from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt).

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A Review of the Environmental Safety of the Cry34Ab1 and Cry35Ab1 Proteins

This document provides a comprehensive review of the information and data relevant to the environmental risk assessment of two proteins encoded by genes isolated from Bacillus thuringiensis, Cry 34Ab1 and Cry35Ab1, and presents a summary statement about the environmental safety of these proteins when produced in the genetically engineered (GE) maize event DAS-59122-7 (Zea mays, L.).

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A Review of the Environmental Safety of Vip3Aa

This document provides a comprehensive review of publicly available data, peer-reviewed studies, and regulatory decision summaries relevant to the environmental risk assessment of the Vip3Aa protein, as expressed in maize and cotton plants.

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A Review of the Environmental Safety of the PAT Protein

This document provides a comprehensive review of information and data relevant to the environmental risk assessment of the protein phosphinothricin-N-acetyl transferase (PAT) produced in genetically engineered (GE) plants by genes isolated from Streptomyces viridochromogenes (pat gene) or Streptomyces hygroscopicus (bar gene) and presents a summary statement about the environmental safety of this protein.

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