Environmental Risk Assessment of GE Plants Under Low-Exposure Conditions

Roberts A, Devos Y, Raybould A, Bigelow P, Gray A

The requirement for environmental risk assessment (ERA) of genetically engineered (GE) plants prior to large scale or commercial introduction into the environment is well established in national laws and regulations, as well as in international agreements. Since the first introductions of GE plants in commercial agriculture in the 1990s, a nearly universal paradigm has emerged for conducting these assessments based on a few guiding principles.

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