While the rates of overweight and obesity are growing in low-, middle- and high-income countries due to overconsumption of calories and physical inactivity, persistent rates of micronutrient deficiencies exist across many populations. These growing public health challenges require unique interventions across many settings. The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute is committed to improving nutrition and health through cross-disciplinary research, with a particular focus on improving the accessibility of food composition and dietary intake data, open data and methods harmonization, and the drivers of food choice.
Collaborators & Partners
Crop Composition Working Group, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, University of Florida, International Food Policy Research Institute, University of Arkansas, University of Illinois, World Agricultural Economic and Environmental Services, and Washington State University
The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute's active programs related to sustainable nutrition security include:
The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute is co-leading a project that will help the US maintain a nutritious, reliable, affordable, and environmentally-sound food supply.
The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute’s CCDB is a curated, open resource that provides data on the natural variability in the nutritional composition (e.g., nutrients, anti-nutrients, and secondary metabolites) of key crop species.
The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute has compiled a catalogue of national, regional, and international food composition databases used for dietary assessments. This interactive, online resource is available to the public.
The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute's concluded projects in the area of sustainable nutrition security include:
San Francisco, California, USA
December 11, 2019
Dr. Dave Gustafson delivered a presentation about the Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains: Climate Adaptation and Mitigation Opportunities project as part of the session on Improving the Simulation of Climate Impacts on Agriculture at the 2019 Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union.
Breakout Session: Busting Food Sustainability Myths – Climate Adaptation & Mitigation Opportunities in Fruit & Vegetable Supply Chains
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
November 21, 2019
Organized by the Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains: Climate Adaptation and Mitigation Opportunities project, this breakout session at the Sustainable Agriculture Summit addressed many of the myths about “sustainable food.”
Washington, DC, USA
July 17, 2019
This year’s Agriculture & Food Systems Institute Annual Scientific Symposium, co-organized with the Environment and Production Technology Division, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), focused on the role of agricultural research in addressing water variability and scarcity.
3rd Annual Workshop for the Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains Project
July 10, 2019 - July 11, 2019
The 3rd Annual Workshop for the Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains project took place on July 10-11, 2019 at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Gustafson D, Gutman A, Leet W, Drewnowski A, Fanzo J, Ingram J
Sustainability | February 23, 2016
Sustainability considerations have been absent from most food security assessments conducted to date, despite the tremendous economic, environmental, and social implications of meeting accelerating food demand in the face of water shortages and climate change.
Agriculture & Food Systems Institute
December 1, 2016
This report contains a full session summary, participation and polling information, and the top research targets identified for US Agriculture during C-Quest: Charting a Course for Climate Research in Agriculture. It also includes research needs and polling results for each of the breakout topics.
Sult T, Barthet V, Bennett L, Edwards A, Fast B, Gillikin N, Launis K, New S, Rogers-Szuma K, Sabbatini J, Srinivasan J, Tilton G, Venkatesh TV
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis | May 6, 2016
The International Life Sciences Institute Crop Composition Database (CCDB) Version 5 was released to the public in October 2014, and is an open-access source of comprehensive nutritional composition data for six conventionally bred crops (canola, cotton, field corn, rice, soybean, and sweet corn). This article focuses on the improvements to the database through Version 5, including increased utility and ease of use that provides a high quality representation of variability in crop nutritional composition.
Gustafson D, Hayes M, Janssen E, Lobell DB, Long S, Nelson GC, Pakrasi HB, Raven P, Robertson GP, Robertson R, Wuebbles D
BioScience | December 16, 2015
Climate science forecasts rising temperatures, changing rainfall patterns, and episodes of increasingly extreme weather, which will harm crop yields at a time when the world’s growing population can ill afford declines, especially in its most productive areas, such as the US Midwest. To adequately prepare, this article calls for the establishment of a new field research network across the US Midwest to fully integrate all methods for improving cropping systems and leveraging big data (agronomic, economic, environmental, and genomic) to facilitate adaptation and mitigation.
UK-US Taskforce on Extreme Weather and Global Food System Resilience, The Global Food Security Programme, UK
August 14, 2015
Extreme weather and resilience of the global food system (2015). Final Project Report from the UK-US Taskforce on Extreme Weather and Global Food System Resilience, The Global Food Security programme, UK. Dr. Dave Gustafson, Director, CIMSANS, Agriculture & Food Systems Institute is a co-author of the report.