While the rates of overweight and obesity are growing in low-, middle- and high-income countries due to overconsumption of calories and physical inactivity, persistent rates of micronutrient deficiencies exist across many populations. These growing public health challenges require unique interventions across many settings. The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute is committed to improving nutrition and health through cross-disciplinary research, with a particular focus on improving the accessibility of food composition and dietary intake data, open data and methods harmonization, and the drivers of food choice.
Collaborators & Partners
Crop Composition Working Group, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, University of Florida, International Food Policy Research Institute, University of Arkansas, University of Illinois, World Agricultural Economic and Environmental Services, and Washington State University
The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute's active programs related to sustainable nutrition security include:
The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute is co-leading a project that will help the US maintain a nutritious, reliable, affordable, and environmentally-sound food supply.
The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute’s CCDB is a curated, open resource that provides data on the natural variability in the nutritional composition (e.g., nutrients, anti-nutrients, and secondary metabolites) of key crop species.
The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute has compiled a catalogue of national, regional, and international food composition databases used for dietary assessments. This interactive, online resource is available to the public.
The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute's concluded projects in the area of sustainable nutrition security include:
One CGIAR Global Webinar Series on Genome Editing in Agriculture: Innovations for Sustainable Production and Food Systems
via Webcast, Online
September 22, 2020 - October 20, 2020
Dr. Morven McLean, Chief Executive Officer, Dr. Vibha Ahuja, South Asia Biosafety Program Senior Advisor, and AFSI Trustee, Dr. Mark Rosegrant, participated as speakers in a webinar series organized to bring CGIAR centers and partners together with policy makers, academics, innovators, and other stakeholders to take stock of current research and applications of genome editing and address related topics that will impact the enabling environment needed to translate research into practice.
Newark, DE, USA
September 23, 2020
Dr. Rachel Melnick, Senior Scientific Program Manager, served as a panelist for a virtual town hall focused on soil and water health hosted by the Produce Marketing Association.
Virtual Workshop for the Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains Project
By Invitation Only, Online
June 23, 2020 - June 24, 2020
Due to the COVID-19 global emergency, the 4th Annual Workshop for the Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains was shifted to an online format and took place on July 23-24, 2020.
San Francisco, California, USA
December 11, 2019
Dr. Dave Gustafson delivered a presentation about the Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains: Climate Adaptation and Mitigation Opportunities project as part of the session on Improving the Simulation of Climate Impacts on Agriculture at the 2019 Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union.
Breakout Session: Busting Food Sustainability Myths – Climate Adaptation & Mitigation Opportunities in Fruit & Vegetable Supply Chains
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
November 21, 2019
Organized by the Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains: Climate Adaptation and Mitigation Opportunities project, this breakout session at the Sustainable Agriculture Summit addressed many of the myths about “sustainable food.”
Using ICT for remote sensing, crowdsourcing and big data to unlock the potential of agriculture data
Woodard H, Adriessen M, Cohen C, Cox C, Fritz S, Johnson D, Koo J, McLean M, See L, Speck T, Sturn T
World Bank | June 27, 2017
ICT in Agriculture, Updated Edition is the revised version of the popular ICT in Agriculture e-Sourcebook, first launched in 2011 and designed to support practitioners, decision makers, and development partners who work at the intersection of ICT and agriculture. Dr. Morven McLean, Agriculture & Food Systems Institute, was a co-author of Chapter 15: “Using ICT for remote sensing, crowdsourcing and big data to unlock the potential of agriculture data“. This chapter features an innovative practice summary of the Crop Composition Database.
Gustafson D, Gutman A, Leet W, Drewnowski A, Fanzo J, Ingram J
Sustainability | February 23, 2016
Sustainability considerations have been absent from most food security assessments conducted to date, despite the tremendous economic, environmental, and social implications of meeting accelerating food demand in the face of water shortages and climate change.
Agriculture & Food Systems Institute
December 1, 2016
This report contains a full session summary, participation and polling information, and the top research targets identified for US Agriculture during C-Quest: Charting a Course for Climate Research in Agriculture. It also includes research needs and polling results for each of the breakout topics.
Sult T, Barthet V, Bennett L, Edwards A, Fast B, Gillikin N, Launis K, New S, Rogers-Szuma K, Sabbatini J, Srinivasan J, Tilton G, Venkatesh TV
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis | May 6, 2016
The International Life Sciences Institute Crop Composition Database (CCDB) Version 5 was released to the public in October 2014, and is an open-access source of comprehensive nutritional composition data for six conventionally bred crops (canola, cotton, field corn, rice, soybean, and sweet corn). This article focuses on the improvements to the database through Version 5, including increased utility and ease of use that provides a high quality representation of variability in crop nutritional composition.
Gustafson D, Hayes M, Janssen E, Lobell DB, Long S, Nelson GC, Pakrasi HB, Raven P, Robertson GP, Robertson R, Wuebbles D
BioScience | December 16, 2015
Climate science forecasts rising temperatures, changing rainfall patterns, and episodes of increasingly extreme weather, which will harm crop yields at a time when the world’s growing population can ill afford declines, especially in its most productive areas, such as the US Midwest. To adequately prepare, this article calls for the establishment of a new field research network across the US Midwest to fully integrate all methods for improving cropping systems and leveraging big data (agronomic, economic, environmental, and genomic) to facilitate adaptation and mitigation.