Objective

While the rates of overweight and obesity are growing in low-, middle- and high-income countries due to overconsumption of calories and physical inactivity, persistent rates of micronutrient deficiencies exist across many populations. These growing public health challenges require unique interventions across many settings. The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute is committed to improving nutrition and health through cross-disciplinary research, with a particular focus on improving the accessibility of food composition and dietary intake data, open data and methods harmonization, and the drivers of food choice.

Collaborators & Partners

Crop Composition Working Group, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, University of Florida, International Food Policy Research Institute, University of Arkansas, University of Illinois, World Agricultural Economic and Environmental Services, and Washington State University

Current Programs

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute's active programs related to sustainable nutrition security include:

Fruit & Vegetable Supply Chains: Climate Adaptation & Mitigation Opportunities

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute is co-leading a project that will help the US maintain a nutritious, reliable, affordable, and environmentally-sound food supply.

Crop Composition Database

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute’s CCDB is a curated, open resource that provides data on the natural variability in the nutritional composition (e.g., nutrients, anti-nutrients, and secondary metabolites) of key crop species.

World Nutrient Databases for Dietary Studies

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute has compiled a catalogue of national, regional, and international food composition databases used for dietary assessments. This interactive, online resource is available to the public.

Past Work

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute's concluded projects in the area of sustainable nutrition security include:

Resources

Virtual Workshop for the Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains Project

Due to the COVID-19 global emergency, the 4th Annual Workshop for the Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains was shifted to an online format and took place on July 23-24, 2020.

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Climate Adaptation and Mitigation Opportunities In Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains

Dr. Dave Gustafson delivered a presentation about the Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains: Climate Adaptation and Mitigation Opportunities project as part of the session on Improving the Simulation of Climate Impacts on Agriculture at the 2019 Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union.

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Plant Biologicals Network Symposium 2019

Dr. Morven McLean, Agriculture & Food Systems Institute Executive Director, delivered the keynote presentation at the 2019 Plant Biologicals Network Symposium. 

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Scientific Symposium: Addressing Water Variability and Scarcity – The Role of Agricultural Research

This year’s Agriculture & Food Systems Institute Annual Scientific Symposium, co-organized with the Environment and Production Technology Division, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), focused on the role of agricultural research in addressing water variability and scarcity.

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Using ICT for remote sensing, crowdsourcing and big data to unlock the potential of agriculture data

ICT in Agriculture, Updated Edition is the revised version of the popular ICT in Agriculture e-Sourcebook, first launched in 2011 and designed to support practitioners, decision makers, and development partners who work at the intersection of ICT and agriculture. Dr. Morven McLean, Agriculture & Food Systems Institute, was a co-author of Chapter 15: “Using ICT for remote sensing, crowdsourcing and big data to unlock the potential of agriculture data. This chapter features an innovative practice summary of the Crop Composition Database.

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Seven Food System Metrics of Sustainable Nutrition Security

Sustainability considerations have been absent from most food security assessments conducted to date, despite the tremendous economic, environmental, and social implications of meeting accelerating food demand in the face of water shortages and climate change.

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CQuest: Charting a Course for Climate Research in Agriculture Workshop Summary Report

This report contains a full session summary, participation and polling information, and the top research targets identified for US Agriculture during C-Quest: Charting a Course for Climate Research in Agriculture. It also includes research needs and polling results for each of the breakout topics.

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Release of the International Life Sciences Institute Crop Composition Database Version 5

The International Life Sciences Institute Crop Composition Database (CCDB) Version 5 was released to the public in October 2014, and is an open-access source of comprehensive nutritional composition data for six conventionally bred crops (canola, cotton, field corn, rice, soybean, and sweet corn). This article focuses on the improvements to the database through Version 5, including increased utility and ease of use that provides a high quality representation of variability in crop nutritional composition.  

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Pharaoh’s Dream Revisited: An Integrated US Midwest Field Research Network for Climate Adaptation

Climate science forecasts rising temperatures, changing rainfall patterns, and episodes of increasingly extreme weather, which will harm crop yields at a time when the world’s growing population can ill afford declines, especially in its most productive areas, such as the US Midwest. To adequately prepare, this article calls for the establishment of a new field research network across the US Midwest to fully integrate all methods for improving cropping systems and leveraging big data (agronomic, economic, environmental, and genomic) to facilitate adaptation and mitigation.

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