Americans are encouraged to eat more fruits and vegetables as part of a healthy, balanced diet. However, meeting increased demand for these highly nutritious foods will be challenging for domestic production regions in the United States. These supply chains are undergoing significant innovation and transformation as a result of multiple drivers including: consumer preference for fresh produce grown locally; climate change and increased competition for natural resources; cost and availability of labor; efforts to improve sustainability profiles; and the rise of protected and peri-urban production.
Using an integrated, collaborative approach, a multi-disciplinary, multi-institutional team co-led by the Agriculture & Food Systems Institute and the University of Florida will help the US maintain a nutritious, reliable, affordable, and environmentally-sound food supply.
Collaborators & Partners
USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, University of Florida, International Food Policy Research Institute, University of Arkansas, University of Illinois, World Agricultural Economic and Environmental Services, and Washington State University
In 2017, the Agriculture & Food Systems Institute and the University of Florida were awarded a $3 million, four-year grant from the United States Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture (USDA NIFA) for the project “Fruit and Vegetable Supply Chains: Climate Adaptation and Mitigation Opportunities”.
The goals of the project are to:
- Enhance the productivity, resilience, and sustainability of domestic produce supply chains
- Use integrated (crop, economic, and environmental) modeling to identify and test adaptation & mitigation strategies for these systems
The project team includes scientists, extension specialists, practitioners, and students from the Agriculture & Food Systems Institute (AFSI), University of Florida (UF), International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), University of Arkansas (UARK), University of Illinois (UIUC), Washington State University (WSU), and World Agricultural Economic and Environmental Services (WAEES).
The focus of the team is on strategies and land use change resulting from innovation in domestic produce supply changes.
Crop modeling, economic modeling, and environmental modeling will be used to determine current and future climate and water availability impacts on yield, quality, price, and environmental profile of selected fruit and vegetable crops.
8 crops were selected based on importance to nutrition as well as data and model availability:
potatoes, tomatoes, sweet corn, green beans, strawberries, oranges, carrots, and spinach.
Gainesville, FL, USA
July 19, 2015 - July 25, 2015
Building reliable connections between the genotype and its corresponding phenotypic spectrum is one of the biggest challenges in plant biology today.
Peng, B., Guan, K., Tang, J. et al.
2020, Nature Plants
An advanced multiscale crop modelling framework will enable a gene-to-farm design of resilient and sustainable crop production systems under a changing climate at regional-to-global scales.
Excessive Rainfall Leads to Maize Yield Loss of a Comparable Magnitude to Extreme Drought in the United States
Y. Li, K. Guan, G. Schnitkey, E.H. DeLucia, & B. Peng
2019, Global Change Biology
The results of this study highlight the need for improved understanding and modeling of the excessive rainfall impact on crop yield.
Toward Building a Transparent Statistical Model for Improving Crop Yield Prediction: Modeling Rainfed Corn in the U.S.
Yan Li et al.
2019, Field Crops Research
The statistical model presented in this study provides a benchmark for further development and can be applied to future research related to yield prediction or assessment of climate change impact.
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Chuang Zhao et al.
2019, European Journal of Agronomy
The goal of this study was to develop a simple generic crop model (SIMPLE) that could be easily modified for any crop to simulate development, crop growth and yield.
Environmental Sustainability of Fruit and Vegetable Production Supply Chains in the Face of Climate Change: A Review
Ranjan Parajuli, GregThoma, and Marty D.Matlock
2019, Science of the Total Environment
This study discusses importance of assessing environmental sustainability of fruits and vegetable (F&V) production sector in future climate change (CC) scenarios.
Chuang Zhao et al.
2018, Agriculture & Food Systems Institute
The goal of this protocol is to assess the climate change impact on fruit and vegetable production and potential adaptations, including possible shifts in production area in the United States.