Objective

Developing and applying sound science to the environmental risk assessment (ERA) of biotechnologies is crucial for safely realizing their contributions to human health and sustainable production of food, fuel, and fiber. Whether it be through improving systematic approaches to inform understanding of plausible risks associated with the use of gene drive strategies or working to maximize the value of data, the Agriculture & Food Systems Institute continues its longstanding commitment to serve as a scientific resource for governments, academic institutions, and private sector organizations.

Collaborators & Partners

USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH), New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and the Government of Australia

Current Actvity

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute's active programs related to environmental risk assessment (ERA) include:

Data Transportability for Field Trial Research

Confined field trials (CFTs) are conducted to inform environmental risk assessments that are required by regulatory authorities before genetically engineered crops can be approved and released for cultivation. Many countries expect CFTs to be conducted as a matter of course, even if satisfactory data are already available from trials conducted elsewhere. The primary variable that differentiates CFT locations is agroclimate, which means that data from trials cultivated in like agroclimates should be considered relevant and sufficient to satisfy regulatory requirements, irrespective of the country where the CFTs are conducted.

ERA for the Use of Gene Drive

According to the World Health Organization’s 2017 World Malaria Report, an estimated 216 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide in 2016, with 90% of this total concentrated in the African region. Alarmingly, and despite an increased public health focus on the elimination of malaria, it is becoming clear that many countries will not be able to achieve this goal without considering novel management approaches. One control strategy in the early stages of development is the use of gene drive mechanisms to suppress or replace vector mosquito populations.

Past Work

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute's concluded projects in the area of environmental risk assessment include:

Resources

Newsletter

Find out about the work we are doing by reading our monthly newsletter.

eLearning

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute has developed eLearning courses that focus on environmental risk assessment.

OECD Working Group on the Safety of Novel Foods and Feeds (WG-SNFF)

The OECD Task Force on the Safety of Novel Foods and Feeds (WG-SNFF), for which the ILSI Research Foundation is a recognized observer organization, works on technical issues related to the food safety of novel foods and feeds, including the products of agricultural biotechnology.

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OECD Working Group on the Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology (WG-HROB)

The OECD Working Group on the Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology (WG-HROB), for which the Agriculture & Food Systems Institute is a recognized observer organization, works on technical issues related to the environmental risk/safety assessment of organisms that are produced through modern biotechnology.

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Genetically Modified Food: Requirements for Compliance and Consumer Awareness

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute’s South Asia Biosafety Program and the Bangladesh Food Safety Authority jointly organized a workshop to build awareness and strengthen institutional governance of biosafety in Bangladesh.

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2nd Institutional Biosafety Officer Workshop

The Agriculture & Food Systems Institute’s South Asia Biosafety Program arranged a day-long workshop to take stock of the present status at various research institutes and laboratories that are actively involved in GE research in Bangladesh.

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Data Transportability for COMESA Workshop

Hosted by the Agriculture & Food Systems Institute, in partnership with COMESA and ASARECA, this workshop introduced the online GEnZ Explorer tool, which allows confined field trial (CFT) locations to be characterized with respect to agroclimatic zones to facilitate data transportability of CFTs.

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Dynamic Role and Importance of Surrogate Species for Assessing Potential Adverse Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Insect-Resistant Plants on Non-Target Organisms

Surrogate species have a long history of use in research and regulatory settings to understand the potentially harmful effects of toxic substances including pesticides.

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Biosafety Research for Non-target Organism Risk Assessment of RNAi-based GE Plants

RNA interference, or RNAi, refers to a set of biological processes that make use of conserved cellular machinery to silence genes.

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Criterios propuestos para identificar cultivos genéticamente modificados que presentan un riesgo bajo o insignificante para el ambiente en condiciones de baja presencia en semillas

This article is the Spanish translation of “Proposed Criteria for Identifying GE Crop Plants That Pose a Low or Negligible Risk to the Environment Under Conditions of Low-Level Presence in Seed,” which appeared in Transgenic Research.

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The Partnership for Biosafety Risk Assessment and Regulation: Project Summary

View the summary document of the Partnership for Biosafety Risk Assessment and Regulation. 

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Proposed Criteria for Identifying GE Crop Plants That Pose a Low or Negligible Risk to the Environment Under Conditions of Low-Level Presence in Seed

The low-level presence (LLP) of genetically engineered (GE) seeds that have been approved in the country of origin but not the country of import presents challenges for regulators in both seed importing and exporting countries, as well as for the international seed trade and the farmers who rely on it.

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